Taking action on methane and ammonia

12 October 2021 | Muriel Cozier

‘The world will need more ammonia but cannot afford the emissions that come with its production.’

The European Union and United States have jointly hosted a ministerial meeting to mobilise support for the Global Methane Pledge. The Pledge, which was announced during September, will be formally launched at the World Leaders’ Summit at the COP26 Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, UK, next month.

Currently more than 30 countries are supporting the Pledge, the aim being to commit to a collective goal of reducing global methane emissions by at least 30 percent from 2020 levels by 2030. Backers say that successful implementation of the Pledge would reduce global warming by at least 0.2 degrees Celsius by 2050. Countries currently supporting the Pledge include Argentina, Canada, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Nigeria, Sweden, Togo and the UK. In addition, some 20 organisations have committed more than $200 million to support the Pledge. The European Union, United States, and other early supporters of the Pledge, will continue to enlist additional countries to join ahead of the formal launch.

Earlier this year the Global Methane Assessment, a report released by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, asserted that urgent action was needed to reduce methane emissions.

Meanwhile, the International Energy Agency, in collaboration with the International Fertiliser Association, has published a roadmap which examines the future of the ammonia industry amid efforts to reach net-zero emissions.  The IEA says that ammonia production has a carbon dioxide foot print equivalent to the total emissions of South Africa’s energy system. The Ammonia Technology Roadmap sets out three scenarios for the future of ammonia production.

‘The world will need more ammonia but cannot afford the emissions that come with its production,’ said Timur Gül, Head of the Energy Technology Policy Division, who designed the study.

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